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(Peace be upon him)
There was a time when this Earth was without any human life. Allah, The Exalted, decided to inhabit it with mankind. He created a man out of clay and called him Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him).
Allah, The Exalted, had created many other things before Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him). Among them there were jinns and angels. Allah, The Exalted, said to the angels after creating Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him)
[I am about to place a vice-gerent on the earth, they said will you place those whom will spread disorder there and shed blood? And we praise you commending you and sanctify you. Allah told them, I know what you know not. ]
(Holy Quran, Chapter:2, Verse :30)
Allah , The Exalted, taught Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him) the names of everything and asked the angels to
truthful. Tell the names of these if you are
[ They said, sanctity to you, we know nothing, but what you taught us, no doubt, you alone are the knower and wise. ]
Then Allah,The Exalted, said to Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him).
[O’ Adam tell them the names of everything, when Adam had informed them of the names of all. He told, had I not told you that I know all the hidden things of heavens and earth, and I know whatever you disclose and whatever you hide.
(Holy Quran, Chapter:2, Verse:33)
Here it should be very clear that Allah, The Exalted, taught Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him) the names of everything in different languages, so all languages are from Allah , The Exalted
Then Allah , The Exalted, said to the angels:
[Prostrate before Adam, then all prostrated but Iblis. He refused and boasted and became a disbeliever.]
(Holy Quran, Chapter:2, Verse: 34)
Then Allah , The Exalted,said to Iblis:
[O Iblis, what happened to you that you did aloof from the prostration? He said, It is not fitting to me that you made from the ringing clay which was of the black smelling mud. Allah told him to get out of paradise and there is a curse upon him till the Day of Judgment.
He said, O my Lord, give me time till the day when they are being raised. Allah said you are among those who are given time till the known day. He said O my lord, I swear of that you led my astray, I will deceive them in the earth, and certainly I will mislead all of them except those of them who are your selected bondmen.]
Holy Quran, Chapter:15, Verse:32-30))
Allah , The Exalted, created Eve, the wife of Adam (Peace be upon him) then said to Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him):
[O’ Adam dwell you and your wife in paradise and eat freely there whatever you want, but do not approach this tree lest you will become of the transgressors.]
((Holy Quran, Chapter:2, Verse:35
Thus, Prophet Adam and Eve (Peace be upon him) began their comfortable life in Paradise. But Shaitan was unhappy to see them in Paradise and planned to bring them out of Heaven.
[Then Shaitan made them slip and got them out from the place where they lived and We said get down, one of you is the enemy of the other and you have to stay on earth and to make use of it for a time. ]
((Holy Quran, Chapter:2, Verse:36
According to the Holy Quran, Shaitan made both Prophet Adam and Eve (Peace be upon them) slip from the Divine order. Therefore Eve is not responsible for Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him) being sent out of Heaven, as some others believe.
As the commentary books indicate, they were sent down to Earth and placed far from each other in different countries. They felt very sorry and asked
Allah , The Exalted ,his forgiveness
[Then Adam learned certain words from his Lord, so Allah accepted his penitence. Surely, He is alone most Relenting, Merciful.]
Holy Quran, Chapter:2, Verse:37))
Thus Prophet Adam (Peace be upon him) was the first man. That is why he is known as the father of all human beings.
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- Prophets in Quran